Authors: 
Carol P. Ramey
The Promised Woman (NACMS)
Carol P. Ramey
This paper addresses three components of Marianist spirituality: empowerment of the laity, Mary, and community. The historical relevance of the establishment of lay groups in Bordeaux is compared in two major biographies of Father Chaminade, and the characteristics of the early communities are presented as a model for today's Church.